The treasure of wisdom related to pregnancy was named in Ayurveda as “Garbha-avakraanti” (embryology and Foetal development) and “Jaathee Sootreeyam” (Principles of Child Birth). All these were aimed to get healthy child - Shrestha Praja or Supraja, after educating, training the women before and during the pregnancy; after delivery too for certain complications and promotion of Breast -feeding. The very objectives of the present event are having similarity. Hence the title of this event in the present year - 2019 is called as (SU)PRAJA(ATA)-2019.
Here, ‘praja’ means, child and ‘prajaata’ means, parturient mother. With a prefix -‘su’, total word ‘Suprajaata’ gives a meaning of ‘healthy mother blessed with healthy child’ or a ‘normally delivered woman’. Otherwise, she is named ‘Dushprajaata’ (abnormal parturient) with history of ‘moodha garbha’ (malpresentations), ‘vilambita prasava’ (delayed labour), ‘garbha sanga’ (obstructed labour), ‘aparaa sanga’ (placental retention), ‘garbhavikriti’ (foetal anomalies) and association of certain diseases, for example ‘rakta pradara’ (excess bleeding per vagina), ‘makkalla’ (pain abdomen), etc. To promote healthy pregnancy and then healthy offspring, the expectant mother was exposed to ‘maasa- anumaasika garbhini paricharya’ (regular monthly check-ups and then do’s and don’ts) throughout pregnancy till delivery. A special contribution on preparation of ‘prasava maarga’ (pelvic passage or birth canal) by certain ‘Pancha Karma’ procedures is worth doing to promote ‘normal delivery’. And also few emergency medical and or surgical interventions (C-section) shall be summoned and managed with shield of modern medicine.
Many of the developed and developing countries all over the world celebrate “Pregnancy Awareness Week” every year in the month of February. The primary purpose of this event is to reduce the number of deaths or complications from pregnancy. This includes both the mother and the foetus/baby. The event does so by strengthening the education on pregnancy and highlighting important issues that promote a healthy pregnancy and safe motherhood. It is a reminder that women should start attending ‘pre-natal care’ (monthly check-ups) as soon as they are confirmed as pregnant i.e., within three months from the missed period. It is unwise to forget that a ‘pre-conception care’ for pregnancy is no lesser than a ‘pre-natal care’ (Ante Natal Care- ANC).
The Health, Medical, Family Planning and Welfare Departments in the Government of Telangana, including Department of AYUSH, well supported by Government of India, suggest the poor and needy pregnant women to utilise the following services at all the government hospitals, especially at Maternity Centres, along with Community Health Benefit Schemes (Aarogya Laxmi, Amma Odi, KCR kit, etc).
Ayurveda, one important among AYUSH systems of medicine since the time immemorial, focussed on treating any person either healthy or ill by three dimensional medical management viz., Aahaara (food and nutrition), Vihaara (life style) and Oushadha (therapeutic and prophylactic drugs). Collectively these all are called after ‘Yukti vyapaashraya Chikitsa’. Such practices were equally implemented also for an expectant mother under the following headings
Further, these practices were substantiated by ‘Psycho-prophylaxis related to Pregnancy’, as:
At an outset, the Pregnant Woman correctly and collectively fit into the definition of Health by WHO through Physical, Mental, Social and Spiritual dimensions.
The important reason for ‘ante-natal care’ is because it provides the following benefits :
Pregnancy Awareness Week also gives importance to the rights of pregnant women which include the following: